7. Cape Town Tourist Attractions : The Cape Town Diamond Museum
“Do you know why the engagement ring is worn on the left ring finger?” asks my tour guide at the Cape Town Diamond Museum. The Cape Town Diamond Museum is one of the best Cape Town tourist attractions.
I shake my head. “The first man to propose with a diamond, Archduke Maximilian,” he explains pointing to a portrait in the museum’s diamond timeline, “believed there’s a vein that runs directly from that finger to the heart. He then presented a diamond engagement ring to his wife-to-be, Mary of Burgandy, in 1477.”
This is just one of the many interesting anecdotes that visitors will be regaled with at the Cape Town Diamond Museum. Situated in the Clock Tower Precinct at the year-round hotspot the V&A Waterfront, the establishment is the only one of its kind in South Africa.
The Cape Town Diamond Museum, a gift from acclaimed jeweller Shimansky to the Mother City, is a non-profit organisation dedicated to creating a new appreciation for diamonds. And it’s in this quaint establishment that visitors get a visual and informative overview of the incredible history of the world’s most precious stone: the diamond.
A “Diamonds through the ages” visual timeline reveals some of the key moments in the history of the coveted crystallised carbon creation: from its formation in 3.3 billion BC and the first diamond sighting in India in 2500 BC to the discovery of the first gem in South Africa, which was made in 1867 by 15-year-old Erasmus Stephanus Jacobs, who unearthed the diamond on the south bank of the Orange River.
Opposite the visual representation are three vitrines that house examples of rocks related to diamonds: there’s kimberlite, in which diamonds are usually found, and pyrope, which is commonly situated near diamond-bearing rock. Other interesting examples include peridotite (the oldest substance known to man) and desert roses (crystals from the Namib Desert).
A small turn around the corner in the middle of the museum reveals the history of diamonds in South Africa – think textbook-like images of the bustling diamond industry in 1870s Kimberley. But the most dazzling display in the museum is a wall dedicated to showcasing life-sized replicas of the world’s most famous diamonds.
There’s the Hope Diamond (reportedly the most valuable stone in the world, apparently worth more than a quarter of a billion US dollars), The Taylor-Burton (the serious bling that actor Richard Burton famously gifted Elizabeth Taylor), and, of course, the Cullinan, the largest rough diamond crystal ever found.
Other fascinating presentations include an installation detailing how rough diamonds are transformed into creations of fire and light and a display of historical mining artefacts, such as lamps, sifting pans and even a miner’s lunchbox and mug. The museum is an accredited and affiliated member of Cape Tourism, having achieved the required criteria for membership and offering quality service and a remarkable visitor experience. The museum is open seven days a week from 9am to 9pm and entry is FREE!
8. Cape Town Tourist Attractions : Air Force Museum
Air Force Museum is one of the best Cape Town tourist attractions. Take an imaginary flight with the aviators of yesteryear with a visit to the South African Air Force Museum at Ysterplaat, where the winged wonders of a bygone era have been preserved for posterity.
At Ysterplaat Air Force Base, the 22 Squadron operates Oryx and Lynx helicopters to support the army, navy and special forces. It also takes on the roles of sea and maritime search and rescue, firefighting, crime prevention, flood relief and support for the South African Antarctic Programme. The 35 Squadron takes on a variety of maritime and transport roles as well as intelligence gathering and services such as monitoring illegal fishing.
The South African Air Force Museum, which records the history of aviation in this country, also has a branch at Ysterplaat Air Force Base. The museum collects records and articles of historical significance, and preserves older aircraft, which are especially popular with children.